[40] At other places there were ferries, in particular at Pertuis,[citation needed] whose name is based on it ferry. Its total drainage area is 14,225 square kilometres (5,492 sq mi). [13], The height of the water at the gorge at Cadarache is at 472 millimetres (18.6 in), after an average of 750 millimetres (30 in) of rain because 63% of the rain flows into the Durance. Water quality is considered good in the higher valley, in spite of the number of dams, which deprive the Durance of the power needed to carry sediment away. C'est dans le Briançonnais, à Montgenèvre, que la Durance prend sa source. De nos jours, enfin, l'autoroute inachevĂŠe de Sisteron–Gap bĂŠnĂŠficie encore de la pĂŠnĂŠtrante qu'offre la Durance pour dĂŠsenclaver la haute Provence et, Ă  terme, le Champsaur. The river is famous historically for its unstable course and violent floods. L'amĂŠnagement contemporain de la Durance, entrepris Ă  partir de janvier 1955 et de la ÂŤ Loi d'amĂŠnagement de Serre-Ponçon et la basse Durance Âť a considĂŠrablement modifiĂŠ l'hydrologie de la rivière. France Montagnes est l'association regroupant les principaux acteurs du tourisme de montagne en France afin de promouvoir la destination et ses bienfaits à l'échelle nationale et internationale. 75 espèces de mammifères sont connues, parmi lesquelles les castors et les musaraignes aquatiques ont ĂŠtĂŠ rejoints rĂŠcemment par le rat musquĂŠ, espèce allogène. Jean Giudicelli, “original Characteristics of the river”, Direction of the environment, of sustainable development and agriculture. Barrage de Serre-Ponçon et amĂŠnagements hydroĂŠlectriques, Les gorges de la Durance sur la ligne de chemin de fer Veynes-Briançon, Syndicat mixte d'amĂŠnagement de la vallĂŠe de la Durance, CommunautĂŠ de communes de la moyenne Durance, Identification des diffĂŠrents lits de la Durance par photo-interprĂŠtation, Laboratoire de GĂŠophysique et GĂŠodynamique, http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Durance (rivière), WikipĂŠdia : l’encyclopĂŠdie libre et gratuite, AURORAE LIBRI : livres anciens, textes rares & illustrĂŠs modernes, VINTAGE-ERA : informatique vintage, retro gaming, jeux de rĂ´les et imprimĂŠs des annĂŠes 1970-2000, Bouches-du-RhĂ´ne : Peyrolles-en-Provence. But the silting and the lack of oxygen has greatly reduced the number of trout. Sujet: Re: Source de la Durance Dim 5 Aoû 2012 - 18:49 Pas forcément moins ou plus ouvert, simplement compenser l'exposition (en -). [36] The changes in the flow also limited river navigation (in spite of size of the river in periods with a high flow. La Durance (latin Durentia, du celtique dubro : eau courante) est une rivière qui irrigue le sud-est de la France. NĂŠanmoins, son cours constituait aussi une voie majeure reliant les Alpes Ă  la Basse-Provence : Ă  ce titre, la Voie Domitienne romaine suivait son lit jusqu'aux Alpes pour desservir la Narbonnaise. Options. 7km +415m/-408m. La Durance prend ses sources sur la commune de Montgenèvre, mais conflue quelques kilomètres avec la Clarée, qui est bien plus grosse qu'elle ! An FM local radio station is called Radio Durance. Vous avez la permission de copier, distribuer et/ou modifier ce document selon les termes de la Licence de documentation libre GNU, version 1.2 ou plus rĂŠcente publiĂŠe par la Free Software Foundation ; sans sections inaltĂŠrables, sans texte de première page de couverture et sans texte de dernière page de couverture. Water also flows in from the EDF Canal. Les affluents de la Durance sont Ă  dominante salmonicole avec un peuplement faible. Its source is in the south-western Alps, in Montgenèvre ski resort near Briançon and it flows south-west through the following departments and cities: The Durance's largest tributary is the Verdon. It washed away many cultivated alluvial terraces, broke dams and destroyed canals. The width of its bed, the force and depth of its current, and the changes of course after the floods hindered crossing by ford. Ainsi, en plus de traiter les demandes de nos clients, les informations nous aident à améliorer le contenu de notre site, et à développer de nouveaux produits et services. Guy Barruol, “the Durance in Antiquity and with the Middle Ages”, p.25. The predictable water levels have also allowed development of the local economy through summer tourism. The confluence with the Guil occurs below Guillestre and Mont-Dauphin. (Dans le cas oĂš le nombre total de contributions est supĂŠrieur au nombre affichĂŠ sur la page d’historique du document, veuillez utiliser les liens de navigation pour obtenir la liste complète des auteurs. The Durance is the second longest (after the Saône) of the tributaries of the Rhône and the third largest in terms of its flow (after the Saône and Isère). La Durance nait à Montgenèvre dans les prés d’altitude, proche du Chenaillet, vers 2300m d’altitude. This division allows surveying and mapping of the land at risk.[49]. Hydroelectric installations and chains of locks on the Durance, and its tributaries the Verdon, Buëch and Bléone had the most significant economic impacts and are the most visible change in the landscape. Modèle:Cours d'eau Longue de 305 kilomètres, la Durance est le second plus grand affluent du Rhône, juste après la Saône. De façon générale, nous utilisons les informations que vous nous fournissez pour la gestion et le développement de notre activité. [32], The populations of algae and water plants (100 species on average) and water invertebrates (77 species) are more varied than before the dams compared with populations on the similar Asse and Buëch. The construction of the Marseille canal in the middle of the 19th century allowed the metropolitan area of Marseille to develop quickly. Three types of islands are formed in the bed of the Durance: Between the Vaucluse and the Bouches-du-Rhône : Dams have been built since the Middle Ages to prevent flooding. Cecile Miramont, Denis Furestier, Guy Barruol, Catherine Lonchambon, This page was last edited on 23 September 2020, at 03:27. Point de vue n°2 : La Durance. La Durance est physiquement un affluent de la Clarée dont le bassin versant a une plus grande superficie (190km2 contre 14km2 pour la Durance). Currently there are between 150 and 200 species of benthic macroinvertebrates,[30] but with few plant species (due to the greatly changing flow of the river). [14], These increased in number and force from the second half of the 16th century, though lessened in the 20th century. In 1955, the law defined the EDF Durance-Verdon project had three objectives: Over 40 years, this project required the construction of 23 dams and water extraction points starting upstream of Claux sur Argentiere down to Mallemort and the supply of 33 hydroelectric power stations and several control stations.[27]. The contribution of water from the downstream tributaries is very low. The Durance played a very important part in the history of Provence, and largely contributed to the economic growth and population of the Marseilles area, after having been an obstacle for centuries. Les villes importantes traversées sont Briançon, Manosque, Cavaillon, Avignon. [1] The Durance itself is a tributary of the Rhône and flows into the Rhône near Avignon. Découvrir nos adhérents et nos partenaires. [11] At the confluence with Ubaye, salmon used to thrive, and trout were found up as far as Sisteron, before the development of the river. The Latin form drou ("hard") changed into the proto-Occitan "dur". The traditional forms are probably derivatives of *Dūrantia, based on the Celtic "dour" (water) and suffix "ant" (stream). The Durance is represented in the form of an ornate monument at the Palais Longchamp, in Marseille, built between 1862 and 1869 by the architect Espérandieu, to celebrate the arrival of water from the Durance, via the Canal de Marseille. Options . La Durance est une rivière Ă  rĂŠgime torrentiel. [31] Avian diversity increased after the dams were built, but there was probably once a greater diversity. Henri Pignoly, “the problems of believed and the culture of the risk” Direction of the environment, of sustainable development and agriculture. Toutefois, le lit actuel tend Ă  se fixer et sa largeur s'est considĂŠrablement rĂŠduite. The Durance was ceased to carry freight because of competition from road and rail. Source de la Durance (Randonnée Pédestre) En cache. There were two groups of utriculari, one in Sisteron and one in Riez. There were only 10 raftmen remaining in 1896 and only one in 1908.[44]. Thanks to the reservoirs at Serre-Ponçon and Sainte-Croix, which together can hold more than 2 billion tonnes of water, irrigation remains possible in summer even during the driest years. In pre-Roman times, the Durance was the border between various Celto-Ligurian people established along its course, such as the Cavares (Cavaillon) and the Salyes (Bouches-du-Rhône). La Durance s'est fait une sp cialit d'imposer son nom un affluent plus important qu'elle.. Pr s de sa source au pied du Col de Montgen vre, elle r ussit le tour de force de dominer la Clar e dans laquelle elle 'se jette' en amont de la Vachette. The latter's tributaries bring rain water mainly in spring, autumn and winter but little during the summer. Following the construction of the large EDF canal, which follows the Durance from Serre-Ponçon until Salon-de-Provence and the Étang de Berre, the water for the canal of Marseilles is now taken from the EDF canal, below Saint-Estève-Janson. The majority of the quarries have closed or are closing. Jean-Paul Clébert and Jean-Pierre Rouyer, the Durance, Pri , Toulouse, 1991, in the Rivières collection and valleys of France. These are a significant factor in the biodiversity of the river. A river is known as "capricious", alternating between its feared flash floods (it was called the third plague of Provence) and its low water levels. Ce territoire, terre française à l'influence italienne, successivement carrefour commercial puis forteresse militaire, souffre aujourd'hui de son enclavement. [41], This trade fed the activity of an important port, near to the crossroads at Sisteron, at the place called 'Le Bourguet'. Une partie de la Durance constitue la frontière mĂŠridionale du Parc naturel rĂŠgional du Luberon et du dĂŠpartement du Vaucluse. ([8]). Passer en plein cran en pressant la touche F11 de votre clavier. Ces sédiments représente 550 millions de tonnes , soit environ 400 millions de t pour la seule Durance (l’équivalent d’une dune de 200m de large sur 10 m de haut sur 200km de long) Carte: source Ifremer Échelle: env 50km La faune s'est quant Ă  elle dĂŠveloppĂŠe durant les dernières dĂŠcennies : en particulier, plus de 300 espèces diffĂŠrentes d'oiseaux peuplent la Durance, soit en permanence (un peu moins de la moitiĂŠ), soit lors de migrations saisonnières. Les dĂŠpartements et principales villes traversĂŠs sont : Au Pliocène, la Durance ĂŠtait un fleuve et se jettait dans la mer au niveau du golfe de Fos : ses dĂŠpĂ´ts ont formĂŠ la plaine caillouteuse de la Crau. The dams in the valley have reduced the incidence of floods and so have allowed the colonisation of alluvial space by alder and poplar in riparian forests. La Durance est une voie de communication importante et ancienne . [3] Similar names are found in the names of many rivers in the Western Alps: Dora in Italy, Dranse in Haute-Savoie, and the Drôme in south-eastern France. Twelve million years ago, the Durance flowed directly into the Mediterranean. Dans le lit naturel, il reste aujourd'hui les rejets des canaux d'irrigation secondaires Ă  vocation agricole (leur alimentation est faite par le canal E.D.F. Des bacs devaient permettre de la franchir, notamment Ă  la hauteur de Pertuis, ville dont le nom conserve le souvenir de cette fonction. At the confluence with the Rhône, the average natural flow of the Durance is approximately 190 cubic metres per second (6,700 cu ft/s), with a high annual variability. It is 80 kilometres (50 mi) long with 17 kilometres (11 mi) underground. [17], The catastrophic floods of 1843, 1856, 1886 attained 5,000 to 6,000 cubic metres per second (180,000 to 210,000 cu ft/s)[18] For comparison, the Seine flooding of 1910 was estimated at approximately 2,400 cubic metres per second (85,000 cu ft/s). The Durance is documented in Ancient Greek as drouentios potamos and in Latin as Druentia (1st century), Durantia (854, 1271) and Durentia (1127). the ancient bridge of Sisteron which was rebuilt in 1365. the best known writer to be inspired by the Durance. Catherine Lonchambon, “From one bank to another: the “trail ferry””, Direction of the environment, of sustainable development and agriculture. La longueur entre sa source et son embouchure est de 323,8 km. This runs near to Montgenèvre and then flows into the larger Clarée river, and then passes through Briançon before the Guisane joins it. The annual maximum flow generally occurs in May or June, but the most violent flash floods occur in autumn.