Since 1949, a number of NATO Summits have been held in Brussels,[93] the most recent taking place in May 2017. Brussels is home to a large number of immigrants. ", "Meir klopt voor het eerst Nieuwstraat als drukste winkelstraat", "The Galerie de la Reine | Galeries royales saint Hubert à Bruxelles", "Why stylish Dansaert district stands out in downtown Brussels", "Avenue Louise joins Belgium's most expensive shopping streets", "Portail officiel du sport en fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles", "Stade Roi Baudouin – Koning Boudewijnstadion", "Alessandro Del Piero 'turned down Liverpool move due to Heysel, "EURES – Labour market information – Région De Bruxelles-Capitale / Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest – European Commission", "Youth unemployment in Brussels falls under 30%", "Cvent's Top 25 Meeting Destinations in the Europe", "Nieuws uit Brussel en de beste cultuurtips", "Presentation of the Université libre de Bruxelles", "About the University: Culture and History", "KU Leuven organisational chart: KU Leuven, Campus Brussels", "Petite histoire du Conservatoire royal de Bruxelles", "Permanent Exhibition " Dinosaur Gallery", "Distance between Brussels, Belgium and Amsterdam, The Netherlands", "Brussels and Antwerp have worst traffic", "City of Atlanta, GA : List of Atlanta's 18 Sister Cities", "European Forum for Urban Security - Brussels |", "Twinning Cities: International Relations", Municipalities of the Brussels-Capital Region, Institutional seats of the European Union, Congratulations: 50 Years of the Eurovision Song Contest, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Brussels&oldid=994643070, NUTS 1 statistical regions of the European Union, Regions of Europe with multiple official languages, Burial sites of the House of Nassau-Siegen, French-speaking countries and territories, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from March 2016, Articles lacking reliable references from November 2015, Articles with Dutch-language sources (nl), Articles with dead external links from June 2020, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Pages using infobox settlement with possible demonym list, Articles containing Old Dutch-language text, Articles lacking reliable references from September 2020, Articles with incomplete citations from April 2018, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from February 2018, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from January 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from April 2018, Articles containing potentially dated statements from April 2015, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2017, All articles with vague or ambiguous time, Vague or ambiguous time from September 2016, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2016, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Brussels has an orbital motorway, numbered R0 (R-zero) and commonly referred to as the Ring. In the Brabantian dialect of Brussels (known as Brussels, and also sometimes called Marols), they are called Brusseleers or Brusseleirs. Bruxelles La loi belge oblige Brussels Airlines à effectuer un contrôle de conformité entre le nom figurant sur votre carte d'embarquement et le nom figurant sur votre carte d'identité ou votre passeport. [51] The city became the capital and seat of government of the new nation. The health sector employs 70,000 employees in 30,000 companies. 2018 is the year of Reyers tunnels renovation ... Brusselslife keeps you informed! This number is constantly increasing and can well explain the role of Brussels in Europe. 07/01 > 27/02 - Expo - "Confinés dehors" aux Halles St Gery. [159] In addition, Brussels ranks as one of Europe's best capital cities for flea market shopping. Exporter des produits vers l’étranger, former des collaborateurs, obtenir un permis de travail ou l’autorisation d’exercer une activité, Bruxelles Économie et Emploi vous conseille et vous soutient dans vos démarches en tant que travailleur ou entreprise. Brussels' Kitchen. Anderlecht, based in the Constant Vanden Stock Stadium in Anderlecht, is the most successful Belgian football club in the Belgian Pro League, with 34 titles. Bruxelles, c’est le contraste entre les cafés authentiques des Marolles et les bars tendance de Flagey. The Atomium is a symbolic 103-metre-tall (338 ft) modernist structure, located on the Heysel Plateau, which was originally built for the 1958 World's Fair (Expo '58). This language shift, the Francisation of Brussels, is rooted in the 18th century and accelerated after Belgium became independent and Brussels expanded past its original boundaries. ", "The Most Remarkable Art Nouveau Houses In Brussels", "Major Town Houses of the Architect Victor Horta (Brussels)", "Top 10 of Art Deco buildings in Brussels", "Atomium – the iron landmark of Brussels", "The Atomium: How Do You Clean a Massive Molecule? [91] However, the European presence has contributed significantly to the importance of Brussels as an international centre.[84]. [166], Sport in Brussels is under the responsibility of the Communities. It is dominated by regional and world headquarters of multinationals, by European institutions, by various local and federal administrations, and by related services companies, though it does have a number of notable craft industries, such as the Cantillon Brewery, a lambic brewery founded in 1900. Posté le 08.12.2020. [127], Very little medieval architecture is preserved in Brussels. The "Winter Wonders" animate the heart of Brussels in December; these winter activities were launched in Brussels in 2001. Parce qu’à Bruxelles, on est alive & cycling ! This event started the era of the Austrian Netherlands. This development continued throughout the reign of King Leopold II. The Brussels-Capital Region is governed by a parliament of 89 members (72 French-speaking, 17 Dutch-speaking—parties are organised on a linguistic basis) and an eight-member regional cabinet consisting of a minister-president, four ministers and three state secretaries.  Austrian Netherlands 1749–1794 The scheme was subsequently taken over by Villo!. The town grew quite rapidly and extended towards the upper town (Treurenberg, Coudenberg and Sablon/Zavel areas), where there was a smaller risk of floods. The City of Brussels is the location of many national institutions. In addition, both its airport and railway stations are the largest and busiest in the country. However, there have been numerous individual or familial migrations towards Brussels since the end of the 18th century, including political refugees (Karl Marx, Victor Hugo, Pierre Joseph Proudhon, Léon Daudet, for example), from neighbouring or more distant countries, as well as labour migrants, former foreign students or expatriates, and many Belgian families in Brussels can claim at least one foreign grandparent. Le prix des billets de train Bruxelles Central — Brussels-Airport-Zaventem commence à partir de 11,10 € si vous réservez à l’avance, et augmente à mesure que la date du départ approche. The Brussels metro dates back to 1976,[201] but underground lines known as the premetro have been serviced by tramways since 1968. Toutes les voitures, camionnettes et (mini)bus sont concernés, qu’ils soient immatriculés en Belgique ou à l’étranger. Brussels has a large concentration of immigrants from other countries, and their children, including many of Moroccan (mainly Riffian and Berber) and Turkish ancestry, together with French-speaking black Africans from former Belgian colonies, such as the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda and Burundi. Attention: la gare de Brussels Airport-Zaventem n'appartient pas à la zone "Bruxelles". The Industrial Revolution and the building of the Brussels-Charleroi Canal brought prosperity to the city through commerce and manufacturing. For a philosophical or economical reason, the idea of putting a little distance between you and your precious ride might have crossed your mind…. The city centre, sometimes known as the Pentagon, is surrounded by an inner ring road, the Small Ring (French: Petite Ceinture, Dutch: Kleine Ring), a sequence of boulevards formally numbered R20 or N0. / Les informations fournies sont basées sur les trains prévus pour la ligne Brussels-Airport-Zaventem-Bruxelles Midi en semaine, en utilisant les horaires du 22/12/2020. Formes composées: Français: Anglais: chou de Bruxelles nm nom masculin: s'utilise avec les articles "le", "l'" (devant une voyelle ou un h muet), "un". [81] This is related to different conceptions in the two communities, one focusing more on the Communities and the other more on the Regions, causing an asymmetrical federalism. Located outside the centre, in a greener environment, are the Parc du Cinquantenaire/Jubelpark with its triumphal arch and nearby museums, and in Laeken, the Royal Castle of Laeken and the Royal Domain with its large greenhouses, as well as the Museums of the Far East. Spanish Netherlands 1556–1714 The Brussels bus network is complementary to the rail network. Nevertheless, some communitarian issues remain. Photos du Vieux Bruxelles ... Vous pouvez suivre des formations, des initiations, ou encore des ateliers multimédias. [124], Recognised religions and laicism enjoy public funding and school courses. And each town has its own name in all three languages. [148] The International Fantastic Film Festival of Brussels (BIFFF) is organised during the Easter holidays[149] and the Magritte Awards in February. As of 2017[update], it has been inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the only Belgian component to the multinational inscription 'Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe'. Brussels' inhabitants deal with either the French Community or the Flemish Community for matters such as culture and education, as well as a Common Community for competencies which do not belong exclusively to either Community, such as healthcare and social welfare. Page d'accueil du portail de la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale — Région bruxelloise - Brussels Gewest After the war, Brussels underwent extensive modernisation. [30][31], Historically Dutch-speaking, Brussels saw a language shift to French from the late 19th century. The Brussels Stock Exchange, abbreviated to BSE, now called Euronext Brussels, is part of the European stock exchange Euronext N.V., along with Paris Bourse, Lisbon Stock Exchange and Amsterdam Stock Exchange. Bruxelles, capitale de la Belgique et de l’Europe, est à la fois moderne et traditionnelle. The migrant communities, as well as rapidly growing communities of EU-nationals from other member states, speak many languages like French, Turkish, Arabic, Berber, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Polish, German, Greek, Romanian, Bulgarian, and (increasingly) English. In 1477, the Burgundian duke Charles the Bold perished in the Battle of Nancy. Through the marriage of his daughter Mary of Burgundy (who was born in Brussels) to Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I, the Low Countries fell under Habsburg sovereignty. The only election of the council took place on 21 November 1971. 138 of the Belgian Constitution, Procedure in art. The French-speaking population regards the language border as artificial[114] and demands the extension of the bilingual region to at least all six municipalities with language facilities in the surroundings of Brussels. The regional parliament can enact ordinances (French: ordonnances, Dutch: ordonnanties), which have equal status as a national legislative act. Oui, il y a quelques liaisons par jour entre Ostende ou Bruxelles et l'aéroport de Bruxelles. Some premetro stations (see Brussels metro) were built on that route. Following independence, Brussels underwent many more changes. There, navigation can access the network of French canals, thanks to the important inclined plane of Ronquières and the lifts of Strépy-Bracquegnies. [74][75][76][77][78], Berchem-Sainte-Agathe / Sint-Agatha-Berchem, Molenbeek-Saint-Jean / Sint-Jans-Molenbeek, Saint-Josse-ten-Noode / Sint-Joost-ten-Node, Watermael-Boitsfort / Watermaal-Bosvoorde, Woluwe-Saint-Lambert / Sint-Lambrechts-Woluwe, Woluwe Saint-Pierre / Sint-Pieters-Woluwe. [120][e][121], In recent decades, owing to migration and the city's international role, Brussels is home to a growing number of foreign language speakers. Brussels francophone? Buildings from that period are mostly found in the historic centre (called Îlot Sacré), Saint Géry/Sint-Goriks and Sainte-Catherine/Sint Katelijne neighbourhoods. [118] The first language of roughly half of the inhabitants is not an official one of the Capital Region. In French, Bruxelles is pronounced [bʁysɛl] (the x is pronounced /s/, like in English, and the final s is silent) and in Dutch, Brussel is pronounced [ˈbrʏsəl]. Inhabitants of Brussels are known in French as Bruxellois (pronounced [bʁysɛlwa]) and in Dutch as Brusselaars (prounouced [ˈbrʏsəlaːrs]). The European Organisation for the Safety of Air Navigation, commonly known as Eurocontrol, is an international organisation which coordinates and plans air traffic control across European airspace. [196], Brussels is home to a thriving pharmaceutical and health care industry which includes pioneering biotechnology research. J'en profite! Brussels' central boulevards are 15 metres (49 feet) above sea level. The combined student population of the four European Schools in Brussels is around 10,000. [138] The Royal Museums of Fine Arts has an extensive collection of various painters, such as Flemish old masters like Bruegel, Rogier van der Weyden, Robert Campin, Anthony van Dyck, Jacob Jordaens, and Peter Paul Rubens. The city is the arrival location of the Brussels Cycling Classic, formerly known as Paris–Brussels, which is one of the oldest semi classic bicycle races on the international calendar. [32] The Brussels-Capital Region is officially bilingual in French and Dutch,[33][34] even though French is now the lingua franca with over 90% of the inhabitants being able to speak it. ... des suggestions, ou de la place chez vous à partager, écrivez-nous! The Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences houses the world's largest hall completely dedicated to dinosaurs, with its collection of 30 fossilised Iguanodon skeletons. Medieval Grand-Place, is indeed grand, with many 17th-century buildings and daily flower markets. The Royal Palace, where the King of the Belgians exercises his prerogatives as head of state, is situated alongside Brussels' Park (not to be confused with the Royal Castle of Laeken, the official home of the Belgian Royal Family). Profitez de toutes les sections de BrusselsLife.be et découvrez plus de 12 000 adresses et un grand choix d'événements, d'informations et de conseils et astuces de notre écriture. Its name is sometimes used metonymically to describe the EU and its institutions. [125], Brussels has a large concentration of Muslims, mostly of Moroccan, Turkish, Syrian and Guinean ancestry. talent.brussels Boulevard Emile Jacqmain 20, 1000 Bruxelles Numéro d'entreprise: 0316.381.039. Despite its name, the Brussels-Capital Region is not the capital of Belgium. The cafés are similar to bars, and offer beer and light dishes; coffee houses are called salons de thé. [102], Since the founding of the Kingdom of Belgium in 1830, Brussels has transformed from being almost entirely Dutch-speaking (Brabantian dialect to be exact), to being a multilingual city with French (specifically Belgian French) as the majority language and lingua franca. The Brussels Agglomeration had a separate legislative council, but the by-laws enacted by it did not have the status of a legislative act. [175] That being said, the GDP is boosted by a massive inflow of commuters from neighbouring regions; over half of those who work in Brussels live in Flanders or Wallonia, with 230,000 and 130,000 commuters per day respectively. However, in 2015, the Belgian Constitutional court ruled religious studies could no longer be required in the primary and secondary education system. It is located in the heartland of the Brabantian Plateau, about 45 km (28 mi) south of Antwerp (Flanders), and 50 km (31 mi) north of Charleroi (Wallonia). The Great Mosque of Brussels, located in the Parc du Cinquantenaire/Jubelpark, is the oldest mosque in Brussels. However, a more important cause for the Frenchification was the language change over several generations from Dutch to French that was carried out by Flemish inhabitants themselves. The Brussels Intercommunal Transport Company STIB/MIVB is the local public transport operator in Brussels. Contactez Bruxelles Fiscalité pour savoir si vous avez droit à une réduction.